The Geneva Conventions are the primary tenets of safeguarding kids during warfare. The foundation of international humanitarian law is found in the Geneva Conventions. Between 1864 and 1949, a number of accords incorporated their four conventions.
Thousands of Palestinian people are escaping to regions in Gaza’s south that are already overpopulated. Children may be particularly at danger because of the hazardous settings through which the migration is occurring. Since a week ago, over 447 kids were killed as a result of Israeli raids.
Relocating from Gaza to Khan Younis is an arduous and difficult process, especially if one has children. There is a lot of bombing on the highway and the paths are not really secure. Actually, in search of a safer location and essentials, families from the northern Gaza Strip go south.
The focus of the fourth Geneva Convention is to protect non-military citizens, especially those who live in occupied territory. It was enacted in 1949 following World War II. Israel, one of 196 nations to have done so, signed the Geneva Conventions on July 6, 1951, while the state was still being created.
Israel has carried out airstrikes that have killed hundreds of kids. In addition, kids living in Gaza are denied access to food and medicine, which is against the fourth Geneva Convention.
The reason is the following Hamas attack last week in borderline with Israel, Tel Aviv declared a “total blockade” of Gaza. Israel clearly announced that that it would not let the entry of gasoline, food, or other necessities into the coastal outpost.
The creation of a humanitarian corridor has been demanded by international organizations. They assert that Gaza’s healthcare system is on “breaking point”. Israel has so far resisted all efforts to reach an agreement and even bombarded the Rafah border, which links the enclave to Egypt on the south.
Geneva Convention on Infants
Newborn infants in incubators are also vulnerable due to outages in power and generators lacking fuel. The International Committee of the Red Cross’ regional head for the Near and Middle East, Fabrizio Carboni, claimed that power disruptions in hospitals may lead to catastrophe.
Experts predict that children’s mental and behavioral health will suffer significantly and permanently as a result of the widespread upheaval they have encountered.
Children have an entitlement to the preservation of their cultural surroundings and an education, according to the fourth Geneva Convention. Numerous schools in the city, including some operated by the UN, have already been targeted by Israel. Following missile attacks that destroyed their homes and neighborhoods, many relocated to the schools, which also functioned as shelters.
Israeli airstrike has destroyed at least ninety educational establishments so far. Occupying troops are also required by international law to guarantee the schooling of those residing under their authority.
Legally, Israeli soldiers will find it difficult to fulfill this obligation if they conduct the ground assault of the Gaza Strip. This is due to the fact that a lot of colleges and institutions are currently just abandoned shells.
Investigations may be started by courts like the International Criminal Court in The Hague. They are able to ascertain if the deaths that occur in Israel and Palestine violate international law. The ICC has being urged by activists to speak out against Israeli assault in Gaza.
Although the ICC has already started looking into possible war crimes that Israeli soldiers may have committed in Palestinian territory, no one has been found guilty as of yet.