A US uav assault in Afghanistan soils has struck Ayman al-Zawahiri, the head of Al-Qaeda group. Al-Zawahiri was the principal thinker and planner for the organization, instigating its international network and organizing operations against the targets.
Al-Zawahiri, an ophthalmologist in Egypt, played crucial parts in the incursions against the US diplomatic missions in Tanzania and Kenya. His participation in the 9/11 assaults on New York City and Washington, DC, which resulted in over 3,000 fatalities, was also confirmed.
A few while after Osama bin Laden, the organization’s founding leader, was assassinated by Washington early in 2010s, Al-Zawahiri was designated as its head. While al-Zawahiri had the expertise of an undercover insurgent, bin Laden came from a wealthy background in a well-known Saudi household.
Ayman Al-Zawahiri had roots in a famous family in Egyptian capital. He the grandchild of the senior imam of Al Azhar, one of the most significant Islamic mosques. He was raised in the tranquil Maadi neighborhood of Cairo, which is popular with expats from the Western countries.
Al-Zawahiri, son to a scholar and pharmacologist, was detained at age 15 for allegedly joining the banned Muslim Brotherhood. He was also influenced by Sayyid Qutb, an Egyptian author who faced a death sentence on anti-government allegations.
Al-Zawahiri is described as a vivacious young man by those who co-attended at Cairo University’s Medical School in the 1970s. He watched movies, listened to music, and chuckled with buddies.
But he also took part in armed resistance movements. He combined his cell with others to join Islamic Jihad, and he started looking for ways to enter the military. He even kept guns in his own medical office.
Al-Zawahiri originally gained notoriety in 1981 as he was confined to a courthouse cage. He was accused of being involved in the murder of the country’s President. He declared before the courtroom, “we have sacrificed and we are still ready for more sacrifices until the victory of Islam.”
Al-Zawahiri was found not guilty of the major assassination-related allegations, although he did serve a three-year prison sentence for illegally possessing weapons. He was apparently subjected to severe torture when he was imprisoned, which some attribute to the radicalization of his aggressive tendencies.
Al-Zawahiri; New Life
After getting released, al-Zawahiri moved to Pakistan and began working for the Red Crescent. When Soviet forces attacked Afghan soils, the skilled surgeon attended to injured mujahedeen militants.
He met bin Laden then, who had been joining the Afghan insurgency, at that point.
In 1993, he assumed control of Islamic Jihad in his homeland. Midway through the 1990s, a movement to topple the government included The Doctor, as he was known. During the campaign, over 1,200 Egyptian civilians were slain.
After then-President Hosni Mubarak was the target of a murder plot in Addis Abeba in1995, Egyptian officials launched a campaign against Islamic Jihad.
Al-Zawahiri, known for his white turban, gave the command to assault the Egyptian embassy in Pakistani capital in the same year as revenge. 16 persons were killed when two automobiles carrying explosives crashed through the doors of the facility.
Al-Zawahiri was also connected to an assaults on foreign visitors in Luxor, Egypt two years later. It killed 62 individuals. An Egyptian military judge issued a death sentence for al-Zawahiri in his absence.
During the same years, he was assisting bin Laden in founding al-Qaeda. He was thought to have been hiding out near the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderline for many years.