With the Iranian elections to designate the new president approaching, the people are embarking another fervent activism to choose their future president. Analyzing the ideas, commitments, and programmes of the five remaining candidates has been an ever-seen practice in Iranian elections.
Iran‘s forthcoming elections may have far-reaching significance for the country’s democratic stability. Besides, the Iranian elections will affect the continuing nuclear talks between Tehran and world powers.
Iranian elections are the clear representations of people’s involvement in the societal, cultural, and political decision-making process. They are the most essential method for realizing people’s authority over their lives through a structured democratic system.
Elections in Iran are held every four years. the people elect the President, Members of Parliament, the Assembly of Experts, and municipal Councils. for the people, participation is a way to demonstrate their accountability and to defend their full authority for a desirable future.
Iranian 42-year history, since the 1979 revolution has seen an election each year. The founders of the new system managed to hold the first election only 49 days after the revolution. People chose the essence of the new system in the first election in form of a referendum.
The landmark change in Iranian system realized in a condition that there had been rare example of democratic system in the Middle East. Most Arab countries of the Persian Gulf didn’t, and still don’t, hold popular elections.
Iran is among the rare nations in the Middle East which has effectively and regularly performed elections. Despite unusual conditions such as natural catastrophes, pandemics and enforced war throughout the last 4 decades, the Iranian elections have not been effected.
Iran has turned to the forerunner of a democratic system in a region which experienced semi-failed popular revolutions, named Arab spring, against the oppressing rulers only three decades later.
Direct participation of Iranian citizens in the election addressed the turnover of administrative officials and other key political and societal decision-makers. The results have surprised election observers most of the time. This demonstrates the importance of popular might in the country’s political structure.
A few days away from the 13th presidential elections, intense discussions on greater transparency among contenders from various ideological and political backgrounds offers the war air in the political arena of the country in the new rounds of Iranian elections.
In more than forty years since its formation, Iran has maintained a vibrant and distinctive democratic structure. This has been reflected in periodic elections with an encompassing involvement of the people. Whatever the results, the main implication would be the increasing flexibility of the democratic structure of Tehran’s administration.
History of Elections
Iranians elected the president less than a year after the revolution. The system based all the decision-making processes on the elections in the years that followed.
Following the years of war with Iraq, a construction mobilization took force led by Hashemi Rafsanjani. Rafsanjani took the office for two consecutive terms.
Mohammad Khatami, the founder of reformist movement in Iran, won the president in 1997. Elections in Iran have been particularly unpredictable and spectacular since then. Khatami defied the expectations again in 2001, gaining another majority against nationalist contenders.
in 2005, a fresh face called Mahmoud Ahmadinejad shattered the previous structures. He was nominally a right-wing, yet he privately held trans-partisan feelings. His disputed win in 2009 elections has been a landmark era in Iranian post-revolution history
A semi-reformist man, this time not a new face, ran on a base of embracing the global system, de-escalation, and healing the wounds of societal division in 2013. Hassan Rouhani comfortably overcame the conservatives in 2017 again.
2021 is the scene of another fervent confrontation between the representatives of different political movements in Iranian elections. Two days before the election, the air of hope and vitality is the main vibe in Iran.