The US invasion of Afghanistan and a two-decade military involvement in the country led to further debilitation of Afghanistan in governance, military influence and economic condition.
Despite a claimed attempt over the last twenty years to help failing nations, many governments in the global community continue to suffer from chronic fragility. External intervention frequently causes political turmoil. Besides, in most circumstances, it fails to promote state integration. Instead, the outside force strengthens and ties up the same groups it meant to undermine.
Over the years following the onset of 21st century, the major and distinctive aspect of the military action in Afghanistan has been imposing sufferings to civilians. Human rights violations and war crimes characterize the reality of what happened during the past two decades.
These widespread violations have driven the war cycle and debilitation of Afghanistan in a variety of ways. Encouraging insurgent recruitment, hindering political discourse, and undercutting efforts to restore peace via improved governance have served this aim.
All four US presidents post 21st century viewed human rights as a barrier rather than a crucial element of dealing with Afghanistan’s issues. This strategy has failed miserably.
Throughout these years, the United States’ foreign policy represented a variety of misconceptions. As one example, despite their history of atrocities, the Afghan” strongmen, warlords, and militia” leaders could assist to deliver security and stability. The United States picked the group as allies in overthrowing the Taliban.
Apart from human rights considerations, the two-decade direct involvement of the United States in Afghanistan debilitated the bases of governance. The abrupt withdrawal of troops lend hand to the previous course of events; Debilitation of Afghanistan.
Debilitation of Afghanistan
As the United States prepares to leave Afghanistan, the Afghan army is rapidly losing territories to the Taliban across the lands. Ghani government is equipping militias to assist in the war to reinforce its troops.
The government is struggling to survive the ordeal as outside and inside players take advantage of its flaws in the run-up to the US withdrawal. The recent US attempts to bring the Afghan conflict to a namely “responsible end” has had reverse effects. It led to the debilitation of Afghanistan and put the its military and administrative system on the precipice.
The role of The United States and its allies in NATO in the Debilitation of Afghanistan apparatus in the face of Taliban and other secessionist groups is evident. Through a long-term program, the United States, debilitated Afghan government, its military, and reinforce the role of Taliban in Afghanistan.
Following the take-over of Afghanistan in 2001, The United States dominated all sections of governance in Afghanistan. Washington imposed its policies on local governments and robbed the administrative system off any sort of significance.
The process led to a sort of executive imbalance in the system and gradually resulted in Debilitation of Afghanistan.
While equipping and training the military forces, the US has had no plan on establishing an independent military force in Afghanistan. The Air Force, in specific, will remain secluded following the withdrawal with no training in maintenance of the warplanes and equipment.
As a result, Debilitation of Afghanistan flaunted few weeks after the onset of Withdrawal process. Taliban made confident advancements across the country. Afghan National Security Forces had no choice but to retreat, surrender, or run away.
Throughout the past twenty years, Afghanistan delved into an even more intense economic downfall. While supplying the government with a part of budget, US contractors sought the realization of political agenda rather than economic prosperity. Debilitation of Afghanistan was the result.
The US has been the first country to start official negotiations with Taliban, thus recognizing it. Washington, in fact, started talks with the group the annihilation of which started the war.
The futile negotiations with Taliban reinforced its political and military positions. The result, yet again, was the debilitation of Afghanistan and its administrative system.
Incessant human rights violations by warlords instigated instability. They deteriorated over time, fueling public discontent, undermining attempts to promote economic prosperity at the local and national levels. The whole process assisted the Taliban in gaining new supporters, resources, and equipment.